Literature Study – Scientific Papers

The relevant literature spans several Scientific Fields and Focus Areas. Namely:

1. Visual Search, which investigates how people located target objects amongst background objects (or distractors) in a visual scene.
2. Visual Attention, which investigates what objects attract attention in a visual scene.
3. Road Traffic Safety, where specific field studies have been contacted to investigate high-visibility apparel improve consciousness and reduced accidents rate.
4. Worksite Safety, where specific field studies have been contacted to investigate how high-visibility apparel improve consciousness and reduced accidents rate.

Below is a list of the various scientific papers found to be relevant to the topic of our project. Relevant industry standards and/or guidelines are list separately at ISO, EN and ANSI standard for safety apparel

Ref No.100: Highway Worker Visibility, Wayne D. Cottrell ()

Ref No.101: Daylight Fluorescent Color – The color that shouts, Harry J. Smith ()

Ref No.102: The conspicuity of first-responder safety garments, Stephanie J.Tuttle ()

Ref No.103: Emergency Vehicle Visibility and Conspicuity Study,  ()

Ref No.104: Lime-yellow color as related to reduction of serious fire apparatus accidents: The case for visibility in emergency vehicle accident avoidance., Solomon, S.S. (1990)

Ref No.105: Influence of color on fire vehicle accidents., Solomon, S.S. and King, J.G. (1995)

Ref No.106: The effectiveness of retroreflective tape on heavy trailers, Morgan, C. (2001)

Ref No.107: A Comparative Study of Machine Learning Classification for Color-based Safety Vest Detection on Construction-Site Images, Changwan Kim, Hyojoo Son ()

Ref No.108: High visibility safety apparel and nighttime conspicuity of pedestrians in work zones, James R.Sayer ()

Ref No.109: High-Visibility Clothing for Daytime Use in Work Zones, Jonathan Dan Turner, Simmons, C., & Graham, J. (1997)

Ref No.110: Safety clothing for human traffic obstacles., J. A. MICHON a , J. T. EERNST a & G. A. KOUTSTAAL (2007)

Ref No.111: Fatal accident patterns of building construction activities in China, Bo Shaoa ()

Ref No.112: The roles of garment design and scene complexity in the daytime conspicuity of high-visibility safety apparel, James R. Sayer⁎, Mary Lynn Buonarosa ()

Ref No.113: Conspicuity of high-visibility safety apparel during civil twilight., JAMES R. SAYER  MARY LYNN MEFFO ()


Ref No.115: Roadway and Work Crew Conspicuity, Barton, Joseph E. & Misener, James A. (2000)

Ref No.150: Safety effects of permanent running lights for bicycles: A controlled experiment, J.C.O.MadsenaT.AndersenbH.S.Lahrmanna (2013)

Ref No.151: Does a yellow jacket enhance cyclists’ sensory conspicuity for car drivers during daylight hours in an urban environment?, 2018, Rogé et al.) ()

Ref No.152: The effect of a yellow bicycle jacket on cyclist accidents, Harry Lahrmanna (2018)

Ref No.153: Built environment effects on cyclist injury severity in automobile-involved bicycle crashes, Peng Chen, Qing Shen (2016)

Ref No.154: A prospective cohort study on minor accidents involving commuter cyclists in Belgium, Basde GeusaGrégoryVandenbulckeb (2012)

Ref No.155: Increasing motorcycles attention and search conspicuity by using Alternating-Blinking Lights System (ABLS), Pnina Gershon, David Shinar (2012)

Ref No.156: Visibility and rear-end collisions involving light vehicles and trucks, John M. Sullivan ()

Ref No.157: Conspicuity in Terms of Peripheral Visual Detection and Recognition of Fluorescent Color Targets Versus N onfluorescent Color Targets Against Different Backgrounds in Daytime, Helmut T.   ()

Ref No.158: The roles of garment design and scene complexity in the daytime conspicuity of high-visibility safety apparel, James R. Sayer, Mary Lynn Buonarosa ()

Ref No.159: Color Arrangement Evaluation on Working Clothes for Safety and Integrated Environment Harmony in Machinery Industry Field, Park Hyewon, Yang Junghee (2012)

Ref No.160: The Color Arrangement of Working Clothes for Visibility in Machine Industrial Work Site, Park Hyewon (2013)

Ref No.161: The Analysis of the Painting Work Clothes Clothing Comfort and Wearer Mobility Considering the Work Environment in the Machine and Shipbuilding Industries, Fashion Business, Park Hyewon (2013)

Ref No.162: The color planning of work clothes by process in machinery, automobile, shipbuilding companies, Park, H.W (2004)

Ref No.163: A Color Analysis on Working Clothing in Domestic Machine and Heavy Industry,  ()

Ref No.164: A Suggested Color Scheme for Reducing Perception-related Accidents on Construction Work Sites, Yi Juneseong, Kim Yongwoo, Kim Kiaeng, Koo Bonsang(2012 (2011)

Ref No.165: A theory of colors in combination – a descriptive model related to the NSC color-order system, Härd, A., Sivik ()

Ref No.200: Visual search with color, EC Carter, Robert C. Carter (1982)

Ref No.201: Visual search through color displays: Effects of target-background similarity and background uniformity., Farmer and Taylor (1980)

Ref No.202: Color and conspicuousness, EC. Carter ()

Ref No.203: The effect of target specification on objects fixated during visual search, Williams (1966)

Ref No.204: Color coding for rapid location of small symbols, EC Carter, Robert C. Carter ()

Ref No.205: High-contrast sets of colors, EC Carter, Robert C. Carter ()

Ref No.206: Conspicuousness is related to the color difference between the target and background objects, EC. Carter (1981)

“Ref No.207: A study of visual search using eye movement

recordings, Williams (1966)”

Ref No.208: Color, form and luminance capture attention in visual search, Massimo Turatto. Giovanni Galfano (2010)

Ref No.209: What is the best fixation target? The effect of target shape on stability of fixational eye movements, L. Thaler (2013)

Ref No.210: What attributes guide the deployment of visual attention and how do they do it?, Wolfe JM ()

Ref No.211: Visual Search, Wolfe JM (2010)

Ref No.212: Background, an important factor in visual search, Jelmer P. De Vries (2013)

Ref No.213: Critical color differences determined with a visual search task., Nagy, Allen L. Sanchez, Robert R. (1990)

Ref No.214: Color in visual search, D’Zmura (1991)

Ref No.216: Visual search for colour targets that are or are not linearly-separable from distractors., Bauer, B., Jolicoeur, P. & Cowan, W. (1996)

Ref No.217: Applying visual attention theory to transportation safety research and design: Evaluation of alternative automobile rear lighting systems, Scott E. McIntyre (2013)

Ref No.218: Segmentation of objects from backgrounds in visual search tasks, Wolfe JM (2002)

Ref No.219: The effects of luminance contrast, colour combinations, font, and search time on brand icon legibility, Ya-Hsien Ko (2019)

Ref No.220: More than the Useful Field: Considering peripheral vision in driving, Benjamin Wolfe (2017)

Ref No.221: Color discrimination and adaptation, JohnKrauskopf (1992)

Ref No.222: Searching for camouflaged targets: Effects of target-background similarity on visual search, Mark B. Neider (2006)

Ref No.223: Turning visual search time on its head, S.P. Arun (2012)

Ref No.224: Context mitigates crowding: Peripheral object recognition in real-world images, Maarten W.A. Wijntjesa,⁎ , Ruth Rosenholtz (2018)

Ref No.225:  Strategic visual imagery and automatic priming effects in pop-out visual search., Brett A. Cochrane⁎ , Hanzhuang Zhu, Bruce Milliken (2018)

Ref No.226: Learning non-metric visual similarity for image retrieval, Noa Garcia, George Vogiatzis ()

Ref No.227: Investigating attention in complex visual search, Christopher K.Kovach ()

Ref No.228: What’s color got to do with it? The influence of color on visual attention in different categories, Hans-Peter Frey; Christian Honey; Peter König ()

Ref No.229: Contribution of colour in guiding visual attention and in a computational model of visual saliency, Shahrbanoo Talebzadeh Shahrbabaki (2015)

Ref No.230: Scaling up visual attention and visual working memory to the real world, Timothy F.Brady (2019)

Ref No.231: Visual search and the conspicuity of coloured targets for colour vision normal and colour vision deficient observer,  ()

Ref No.232: A Field Trial of Attention and Search Conspicuity, Barry L. Cole (1984)

Ref No.233: Salient Object Detection Based on Eye Tracking Data, Fen Xiao , Liangchan Peng , Lei Fu , Xieping Gao (2017)

Ref No.234: What stands out in a scene? A study of human explicit saliency judgment, Ali Borji, Dicky N. Sihite a, Laurent Itti (2013)

Ref No.235: Asymmetries in visual search: An introduction, Wolfe JM (2001)

Ref No.236: Visual search for colour targets that are or are not linearly separable from distractors, Ben Bauer (1995)

Ref No.237: Perceptual selectivity for color and form, Theeuwes, J. (1992)

Ref No.238: The peculiar nature of simultaneous colour contrast in uniform surrounds, Ekroll, V., Faul, F., & Niederée, R. (2004)

Ref No.239: Distractor heterogeneity, attention, and color in visual search, Allen Nagy (2003)

Ref No.240: Remodelling colour contrast: implications for visual processing and colour representation, Shepherd (1999)

Ref No.600: Does luminance-contrast contribute to a saliency map for overt visual attention?, Wolfgang Einhauser (2003)

Ref No.601: The role of first- and second-order stimulus features for human overt attention., Wolfgang Einhauser (2007)

Ref No.602: Saliency on a natural scene background: Effects of color and luminance contrast add linearly, Wolfgang Einhauser ()

Ref No.603: Effects of luminance contrast and its modifications on fixation behavior during free viewing of images from different categories, Wolfgang Einhauser (2009)

Ref No.604: Parkhurst, D. J., & Niebur, E. (2004). Texture contrast attracts overt visual attention in natural scenes. European Journal of Neuroscience, 19(3), 783–789. doi:10.1111/j.0953-816x.2003.03183.x , Parkhurst, D. J., & Niebur, E. (2004)

Ref No.605: Color vision, Gegenfurtner, K. R., & Kiper, D. C.  (2003)

Ref No.606: Neural Mechanisms of Selective Visual Attention., Desimone, R., & Duncan, J (1995)

Ref No.607: Visual Attention and Eye Movements, Kang-chen Chen, Hye Jung Choi ()

Ref No.608: Asymmetries in Simple Feature Searches for Color, Allen Nagy (1996)

Ref No.609: Eye-tracking metrics in perception and visual attention research, Magdalena Borys (2017)

Ref No.700: Camouflage assessment: Machine and human,  ()

Ref No.701: Camouflage texture design based on its camouflage performance evaluation, judgment ()

Ref No.701: Scaling up visual attention and visual working memory to the real world, Timothy F.Brady ()

Ref No.800: A study of the relationship between color-concept association and occupational background for Chinese, Hailiang Wang, (2015)

Ref No.801: Effective contrast enhancement method for color night vision, Qian, X., Wang, Y., & Wang, B.  (2012)

Ref No.802: Investigation of Complementary Colour Harmony in CIELAB Colour Space, Forough Mahyar, Vien Cheung, Stephen Westland and Philip Henry (2007)

Ref No.803: Complementary colour harmony in different colour spaces, Forough Mahyar, Vien Cheung, Stephen Westland and Philip Henr (2013)

Ref No.804: Exploring color preference through eye tracking, T-R Lee (2005)

Ref No.805: An Interactive Color Picker that Ensures WCAG2.0 Compliant Color Contrast Level,  (2015)

Ref No.806: Superpixel based color contrast and color distribution driven salient object detection,  (2013)

Ref No.807: Variations in normal color vision. VII. Relationships between color naming and hue scaling, Emery, K. J., Volbrecht, V. J., Peterzell, D. H., & Webster, M. A. (2017). Variations in normal color vision. VII. Relationships between color naming and hue scaling. Vision Research, 141, 66–75. doi:10.1016/j.visres.2016.12.007  (2017)

Ref No.808: Degradation of fluorescent high-visibility colors used in safety garments for the Australian railway industry, vijayan (2015)

Ref No.809: A proto-object based saliency model in three-dimensional space, Hu, B., Kane-Jackson, R., & Niebur, E.  (2016)

Ref No.810: A simple model describes large individual differences in simultaneous colour contrast, Ekroll, V., & Faul, F. (2009)

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